Genesee County

HIV

  • African-Americans comprise 19% of the population, but account for 50% of those living with HIV/AIDS.1

STDs

  • In 2008 Genesee County had the 2nd highest rate of Gonorrhea and Chlamydia in the State of Michigan, after the City of Detroit.2
  • Males and females 15-24 years old had the highest incidence of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea in 2008.2

State of Michigan

HIV

  • While African Americans comprise 14 % of the population, they account for about 58% of those living with HIV/AIDS.1
  • The rate of HIV infection for Blacks is almost 12.5 times higher than the rate for whites.3
  • Between 2004 and 2008, the rate of HIV among 13-19 year olds increased. 85% of teens diagnosed are Black.3

STDs

  • In 2009 Michigan had the 13th highest rate of Chlamydia in the Country.4

United States

HIV

  • Every nine and a half minutes, an individual is diagnosed with HIV in the United States.5
  • 1 in 5 people of the estimated 1.1 million who are HIV positive do not know that they have it.6
  • One in three people diagnosed with HIV are also diagnosed with AIDS in the same year.5 Generally, it takes years for HIV to develop into AIDS. This is why it is better to get tested earlier than later. This rate signals missed opportunities for life-saving treatment.
  • At some point in their lifetimes, 1 in 16 black men will be diagnosed with HIV infection, as will 1 in 30 black women.7

STDs

  • Young People (15-24) have a rate of Chlamydia five times higher than the rest of the population 10-64.8
  • African-Americans reported rate of Gonorrhea is 20 times higher than Whites.8
References

1. Michigan Department of Community Health. (2010). 2010 Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Michigan. Retrieved 12/2/2010 from http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mdch/2010_EPI_PROFILE_ENTIRE_335483_7.pdf

2. Genesee County Health Department. (2009, July). The Health of Genesee County. Flint. Retrieved 12/3/2010 from http://www.gchd.us/ReportsAndData/HealthOfGeneseeCounty/2009/WholeDocument.pdf.

3. Michigan Department of Community Health. (2010). HIV/AIDS County Level Quarterly Analysis – Genesee County. January 2010. Lansing, Michigan

4. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control.(2010). Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2009. Atlanta: U.S., Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 12/3/2010 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats09/surv2009-Complete.pdf

5. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control. (2010). MMWR: Vital Signs: HIV Testing and Diagnosis Among Adults —, United States 2001-2009. Retrieved 12/6/2010 from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5947a3.htm?s_cid=mm5947a3_w.

6. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control. (2010). [Fact Sheet]. HIV in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/PDF/us.pdf

.7. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control. (2010).[Fact Sheet] HIV among African-Americans. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/aa/pdf/aa.pdf

8. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control. (2010) STD Health Disparities. Retrieved 12/6/2010 from http://www.cdc.gov/std/health-disparities.

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